D4K: Nutrition


>>>NUTRITION IS THE SCIENCE OF
FOOD AND HOW IT IMPACTS YOUR BODY. HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT WHAT TO
EAT? WE’RE STANDING BY TO ANSWER. STAY TUNED. “D4K” IS NEXT.>>HI, I’M JOAN CARTAN-HANSEN. WELCOME TO “D4K.” THE PLACE FOR SCIENCE.>>>BEFORE WE GO TO YOUR
QUESTIONS, LET’S LEARN A LITTLE BIT MORE ABOUT NUTRITION. NUTRITION IS THE PROCESS OF
TAKING IN AND USING FOOD. PLANTS GET THEIR NUTRIENTS FROM
THE SOIL AND AIR. WE GET OUR NUTRIENTS FROM FOOD.>>YUM!>>WHEN YOU EAT, YOU CHEW FOOD
UP AND MIX IT WITH SALIVA. THE FOOD DWOAS DOWN THE
ESOPHAGUS INTO THE STOMACH, WHERE IT’S TURNED INTO A THICK
LIQUID. NUTRIENTS IN THAT LIQUID ARE
ABSORBED INTO YOUR BLOODSTREAM. AND THAT’S HOW YOUR BODY GETS
THE ENERGY IT NEEDS TO MOVE AND GROW.>>THERE’S SO CHOICES. HOW DO I KNOW WHAT TO EAT?>>IT’S IMPORTANT TO EAT A GOOD
VARIETY OF FOODS, BECAUSE DIFFERENT FOODS GIVE YOUR BODY
DIFFERENT THINGS. THERE ARE SIX BASIC NUTRIENTS. PROTEIN, CARBOHYDRATES, FAT,
VITAMINS, MINERALS, AND WATER.>>PROTEINS ARE CALLED THE
BODY’S BUILDING BLOCKS.>>PROTEINS BUILD AND REPAIR
YOUR MUSCLES, SKIN, BRAIN, BLOOD, BONES, AND INTERNAL
ORGANS. YOU’LL FIND PROTEIN IN MEAT,
EGGS, MILK, CHEESE, AND IN PLANTS LIKE ALBANIANS, PEAS,
NUTS, AND GRAINS.>>CARBOHYDRATES ARE THE BODY’S
PRIMARY FUEL.>>SIMPLE CARBOHYDRATES LIKE
SUGAR AND CANDY GIVE US QUICK ENERGY, BUT NO REAL NUTRIENTS. COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES LIKE
BREADS, PASTAS, AND SOME VEGETABLES LIKE POTATOES GIVE US
LONGER MORE LASTING ENERGY. COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES ALSO
CONTAIN FIBER THAT CARRIES BAD CHEMICALS AND EXCESS MATERIAL
OUT OF THE BODY. FATS HELP STORE VITAMINS IN THE
BODY AND HELP PROTECT IMPORTANT ORGANS BUT NOT ALL FATS ROO GOOD
FOR US. IT’S IMPORTANT TO EAT SMALL
AMOUNTS OF THE RIGHT KINDS OF FATS LIKE OLIVE OR CANOLA OIL.>>VITAMINS HELP OUR BODIES USE
CARBOHYDRATES FAST.>>VITAMINS ALSO GIVE US HEALTHY
SKIN, HELP OR BLOOD CLOT, AND HELP OUR EYES DID TO SEE. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ARE LOADED
WITH VITAMINS.>>MINERALS HELP OUR BODIES
FUNCTION PROPERLY.>>AND WATER HELPS OUR BODY
METABOLIZE OR DIGEST FOODS WE EAT.>>WATER KEEPS THINGS MOVING
THROUGH OUR SYSTEM. WATER ALSO HELPS US REGULATE OUR
BODY’S TEMPERATURE. AND IT BRINGS NUTRIENTS TO THE
CELLS AND TAKES THE CELLS’ WASTING AWAY. NO SIMPLE FOOD CAN PROVIDE ALL
THE NUTRIENTS YOUR BODY NEEDS TO STAY HEALTHY, SO IT’S IMPORTANT
TO EAT A WIDE VARIETY OF FOODS, AND NOT TOO MUCH FOOD OR TOO
MANY SWEETS AND SODAS. CANDY AND POP FILL YOU UP SO YOU
AREN’T HUNGRY FOR HEALTHY FOOD. THE KEY IS FINDING THE RIGHT
BALANCE. CHECK OUT THE MY PLATE TO SEE IF
YOU’RE EATING THE RIGHT VARIETY OF FOOD FOR YOUR AGE.>>TO STAY HEALTHY, YOU NOT ONLY
HAVE TO EAT A GOOD VARIETY OF FOODS, YOU ALSO HAVE TO
EXERCISE. HEY! WAIT FOR ME!>>JOINING ME NOW TO ANSWER YOUR
QUESTIONS ABOUT NUTRITION ARE RUTH SCHNEIDER A. REGISTERED
DIETICIAN WITH IDAHO STATE UNIVERSITY. AND COLLEEN FILLMORE, DIRECTOR
OF CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR THE IDAHO STATE DEPARTMENT OF
EDUCATION. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE. OK, LET’S GO TO YOUR QUESTIONS.>>MY NAME IS ADDISON, I GO TO
RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY. MY QUESTION IS, HOW DOES
NUTRITION RELATE TO A BETTER LIFE?>>WELL, WHEN SOMEONE HAS A GOOD
DIETARY INDISPAIK THEY’RE EATING A BALANCED DIET, THEY FEEL
BETTER. THEY’RE GETTING ALL THE
NUTRIENTS THEY NEED, THEY’RE GETTING THEIR MACRO NUTRIENTS,
WHICH ARE THEIR CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS, AND FATS, AND THEY’RE
ALSO GETTING THEIR MIEW CROW NUTRIENTS. SO BY CONSUMING A BALANCED DIET
AND NOT CONSUMING JUST ONE FOOD GROUP, THAT MAKES THE BODY WORK
BETTER, AND IT METABOLIZING THE FOOD BETTER AND YOU HAVE MORE
ENERGY.>>HI, MY NAME IS BROOKE AND I
GO TO RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. THIS IS MY QUESTION —
WHY IS WATER SO IMPORTANT FOR YOUR BODY?>>WATER IS ONE OF THE MAIN
ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS. AND YOUR BODY IS ABOUT 60%
WATER. SO EVERYTHING THAT HAPPENS IN
YOUR BODY HAPPENS IN THE MEDIUM OF WATER. ALL THE CHEMICALS REACTIONS TAKE
PLACE IN WATER. SO IT IS REALLY THE NUTRIENT
THAT YOU CAN’T LIVE WITHOUT. YOU CAN LIVE QUITE A WHILE
WITHOUT OTHER NUTRIENTS, BUT YOU CAN ONLY LIVE A FEW DAYS WITHOUT
WATER.>>GAVIN WOULD LIKE TO KNOW, HOW
MUCH FOOD IS A SERVING?>>IT DEPENDS UPON THE PERSON,
IT ALSO DEPENDS UPON THE GENDER. SO WHETHER YOU ARE MALE OR
FEMALE, AND IT DEPENDS UPON YOUR AGE. AND SO YOUNGER PEOPLE CAN HAVE
MORE SERVING SIZES THROUGHOUT THE DAY AND TAKE IN MORE
CALORIES THAN SOMEONE WHO BECOMES OLDER AND THEIR
METABOLISM SLOWS DOWN. SO IT REALLY DEPENDS UPON THE
PERSON. WHAT WE WOULD RECOMMEND IS YOU
GO TO A PROGRAM LIKE THE USDA CHOOSE MY PLATE PROGRAM AND YOU
COULD PUT YOUR FOOD INTO SOMETHING CALLED THE SUPER
TRACKER AND IT WOULD GIVE YOU EXACTLY THE SERVING SIZES THAT
YOU NEED FOR YOUR AGE AND YOUR GENDER, AND WHAT THE CURRENT
WEIGHT THAT YOU HAVE RIGHT NOW.>>LET ME ASK YOU, HOW DID YOU
DEFINE A SERVING SIZE? HOW DO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH YOU’RE
SUPPOSED TO EAT?>>WELL, WE USE STANDARD
HOUSEHOLD MEASUREMENTS, SO, FOR EXAMPLE, A TABLESPOON IS ABOUT
THE SIZE OF YOUR THUMB. HALF A CUP WOULD BE THE SIZE OF
A TENNIS BALL. AND THOSE WOULD BE —
A TABLESPOON WOULD BE THE SERVING YOU MIGHT USE FOR OILS
AND SUGARS, HALF A CUP THE SIZE OF A TENNIS BALL MIGHT BE THE
SIZE YOU WOULD USE FOR THINGS LIKE GRAINS, AND COOKED
VEGETABLES, AND FRUITS. FOR RAW VEGETABLES LIKE LETTUCE
WE WOULD HAVE TWICE THAT MUCH AS A SERVING SIZE. AND THE PALM OF YOUR HAND IS
ABOUT THE SERVING SIZE FOR A PIECE OF MEAT. SO TWO TO THREE OUNCES WE WOULD
CONSIDER ONE SERVING.>>MY NAME IS AFTON, I’M FROM
RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. MY QUESTION IS, WHICH FOOD GROUP
IS THE MOST HEALTHY FOR YOU?>>I THINK OVERALL THE
HEALTHIEST PRODUCTS AND FOODS WE COULD EAT ARE THE MACRO
NUTRIENTS. THOSE THAT HAVE A TENDENCY TO
NOT BE PROCESSED. WHAT THAT MEANS IS, IF YOU WERE
TO HAVE A PROTEIN OR AN ENTREE WITH YOUR MEAL, YOU WOULD WANT
TO HAVE MAYBE SOMETHING LIKE A CHICKEN BREAST INSTEAD OF
SOMETHING THAT WOULD BE MAYBE A FROZEN DINNER IN THE FROZEN
DINNER SECTION. PROCESSED FOODS HAVE A TENDENCY
TO HAVE MORE CHEMICALS, THEY’RE HIGHER IN SODIUM, SO HEALTHIER
FOODS WOULD BE THOSE THAT YOU COOK MORE FROM SCRATCH, AND THEY
DO NOT HAVE ALL OF THOSE OTHER ADDITIVES ADDED.>>THE OTHER THING ABOUT THE
FOOD GROUPS IS THAT WE PUT FOODS INTO FOOD GROUPS BECAUSE EACH
FOOD GROUP PROVIDES DIFFERENT NUTRIENTS THAN THE OTHER FOOD
GROUPS. SO NO ONE FOOD GROUP IS
NECESSARILY HEALTHIER THAN ANOTHER FOOD GROUP. YOU NEED ALL OF THEM TO GET A
BALANCED DIET.>>PAIJT
PAIGE ASKS, WHY DID THEY CHANGE THE FOOD PIR
KNOWED MY PLATE?>>EVERY FEW YEARS THEY DO
CHANGE THE RECOMMENDATION, BUT I THINK THEY DID A GREAT JOB WHEN
THEY CHANGED TO MY PLATE. THE FOOD PYRAMID WAS HARD FOR
PEOPLE TO UNDERSTAND. WE ALL EAT OFF OF PLATES, SO
IT’S VERY EASY FOR US TO SEE THE PROPORTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT
FOODS WHEN WE PUT THEM ON A PLATE AND ORGANIZE OUR
RECOMMENDATIONS BY THE PLATE RATHER THAN BY A PYRAMID. SO THEY REALLY JUST DID IT TO
MAKE IT EASIER FOR CONSUMERS TO UNDERSTAND THE MESSAGE.>>CLAIRE WOULD LIKE TO KNOW,
WHAT’S THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF THE FOOD PYRAMID, OR THE FOOD
PLATE?>>ALL PARTS OF THE PYRAMID OR
NOW WE’RE USING THE MY PLATE, ARE IMPORTANT, BECAUSE AGAIN,
THE FOODS ARE DIVIDED UP INTO FOOD GROUPS BECAUSE OF THE
NUTRIENTS THEY CONTAIN. AND EVERY FOOD GROUP CONTAINTS
DIFFERENT NUTRIENTS. SO IT’S IMPORTANT TO GET FOODS
FROM EVERY FOOD GROUP IN THE MY PLATE. SO WOULD YOU HAVE THE PROTEINS,
GRAINS, YOU WOULD HAVE HALF OF YOUR PLATES AS FRUITS AND
VEGETABLES. AND ALSO ON THE SIDE, THAT GLASS
OF MILK OR SOME TYPE OF DAIRY. AND ALL OF THOSE WILL CONTRIBUTE
TO GETTING A HEALTHY DIET.>>EMILY WOULD LIKE TO KNOW, CAN
YOU HAVE TOO MUCH HEALTHY FOOD?>>YOU CAN HAVE TOO MANY
CALORIES THAT YOU CONSUME. WHETHER IT IS FROM HEALTHY FOODS
OR FOODS THAT ARE LOWER IN THE VITAMIN AND MINERALS. AND SO WHAT YOU ALWAYS WANT TO
DO IS MAKE SURE THAT YOUR CALORIE LEVEL IS SOMETHING THAT
IS EQUAL TO YOUR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND WHAT YOU’RE
BURNING. SO IT’S REALLY A MATHEMATICAL
EQUATION. IF YOU’RE SOMEBODY WHO WANTS TO
MAINTAIN YOUR WEIGHT, YOU’RE GOING TO WANT TO MAKE SURE YOU
DO NOT EAT SO MUCH FOOD YOU WOULD START GAINING WEIGHT.>>MY NAME IS JACK, I GO TO
RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. MY QUESTION IS, HOW DO CALORIES
NIEWRN ENERGY?>>THE FOODS THAT YOU EAT
PROVIDE THE MACRO NUTRIENTS, WHICH ARE PROTEIN, FAT, AND
CARBOHYDRATE. THOSE THREE NUTRIENTS PROVIDE
CALORIES. AND THE CALORIES JUST A MEASURE
OF THE ENERGY AND FOOD. SO OUR BODY HAS A VERY
COMPLICATED METABOLISM SYSTEM THAT TAKES THOSE FOOD AND BREAKS
THEM DOWN AND ULTIMATELY FORMS WHAT WE CALL ATT. SO IF YOU’RE INTERESTED IN
SCIENCE, THAT WOULD BE A VERY FUN ACRONYM FOR YOU TO LEARN. AND THEN YOUR BODY CAN USE THAT
ATT FOR ENERGY TO THINK, TO RUN AND PLAY, TO DO ALL THE
DIFFERENT ACTIVITIES, EVEN TO JUST KEEP YOUR HEARTBEATING.>>DID YOU KNOW EATING BREAKFAST
COULD MAKE YOU SMARTER? HAVING A MEAL IN THE MORNING
GIVES YOUR BODY WHAT IT NEEDS TO LEARN ALL DAY LONG. AND IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE A
TRADITION DWRAL BREAKFAST, JUST A VARIETY OF HEALTHY FOOD.>>HI, MY NAME IS MICHAEL AND I
GO TO RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, AND THIS IS MY
QUESTION — HOW DO WE KNOW IF THE FOOD THAT
WE BUY IS SAFE?>>THAT IS A GREAT QUESTION. THERE ARE SEVERAL REGULATIONS
AND LAWS THAT ARE PUT INTO PLACE IN OUR NATION TO KEEP OUR FOODS
SAFE. SO WE HAVE SEVERAL DEPENDING
UPON IN THE USDA, DEPENDING UPON THE AREA THAT YOU’RE LOOKING AT,
IF WHETHER IT’S THE PROTEINS, THE FRESH PRODUCE, THE DIFFERENT
GRAINS, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AREAS HAVE DIFFERENT REGULATIONS
THAT THEY HAVE TO FOLLOW. SO IF SOMETHING HAPPENS WHERE
FOOD HAS BEEN DEEMED TO NOT BE SAFE, IT’S AN EXAMPLE ABOUT FIVE
YEARS AGO WE HAD A BEEF RECALL, THERE WERE SEVERAL DIFFERENT
THINGS AND PROCEDURES THAT BEGAN AT THAT POINT TO HALT FROM THAT
FOOD BEING SERVED, AND ONCE QUESTION LOOKED AT ALL THE FOOD,
AND DEEMED WHETHER IT WAS SAFE TO EAT OR NOT, IT WAS EITHER
DESTROYED IF IT WAS NOT SAFE, OR IT WAS GIVEN TO THE CONSUMERS SO
THEY COULD GO AHEAD AND CONSUME THAT FOOD. SO WE ALWAYS KNOW THAT THE FOOD
WITH THOSE RULES AND REGULATIONS ARE SAFE TO EAT.>>LOGAN WOULD LIKE TO KNOW, HOW
CAN YOUR SMALL INTESTINE BE 22 FEET LONG WHEN YOU’RE NOT EVEN
SEVEN FEET TALL?>>THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. YOUR INTESTINES ARE VERY LONG
AND NARROW, SO THEY WIND AROUND BACK AND FORTH, AND KIND OF GET
STUFFED INTO YOUR ABDOMINAL CAVITY. YOU MIGHT BE AMAZED TO KNOW THAT
YOUR SMALL INTESTINE HAS THE ABSORBTIVE CAPACITY OF A
FOOTBALL FIELD, BECAUSE INSIDE YOUR INTESTINES, IN THE WALLS OF
YOUR INTESTINES ARE LITTLE FINGERLIKE PROJECTIONS CALLED
VILLI, AND ON THOSE ARE MICROVILLI. IF YOU TOOK ALL THAT SURFACE
AREA AND SPREAD IT OUT, YOU WOULD HAVE A LOT OF SURFACE AREA
FOR ALL OF THE KNEW TREU ENDS TO BE ABSORBED.>>MY NAME IS GABE. I GO TO RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL. MY QUESTION IS, WHAT IS FIBER?>>FIBER IS PART OF A GRAIN. SO ONE THING WE LIKE TO SEE IN
THE DIET IS THAT EVERY PERSON EATS 50% OF WHOLE GRAINS. THAT MEANS THE ENTIRE GRAIN IS
EATEN IN FIBER — AND FIBER IS JUST PART OF THAT
GRAIN. IT’S ONE OF THE THREE DIFFERENT
COMPONENTS.>>JUNIOR WOULD LIKE TO KNOW,
WHAT’S THE HEALTH EAST FOOD?>>THE HEALTHIEST FOODS YOU’RE
GOING TO FIND ARE THE FOODS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN PROCESSED, THAT
ARE HIGHER IN VITAMIN AND MINERALS, AND YOU’RE GOING TO
WANT TO STAY AWAY FROM THINGS LIKE CANDY BARS, THINGS THAT ARE
MAYBE CHIPS THAT HAVE HIGH SODIUM, THINGS OF THAT NATURE. SO STAY WITH THOSE UNPROCESSED
FOODS THAT ARE HIGHER IN VITAMIN AND MINERALS.>>SO THERE’S NO ONE FOOD THAT’S
THE HEALTHIEST, ABSOLUTE HEALTHIEST FOOD?>>THAT IS TRUE. YOU REALLY WANT A VARIETY. GOING BACK TO THE MY PLATE,
YOU’RE GOING TO WANT TO HAVE ALL OF THOSE DIFFERENT FOOD GROUPS.>>CALEB WOULD LIKE TO KNOW IF
YOU DON’T DRINK ENOUGH, WHY DO YOU GET A HEADACHE?>>YOU GET A HEADACHE PROBABLY
BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T DRINK ENOUGH YOU’RE GETTING
DEHYDRATED. SO WHEN YOU’RE DEHYDRATED, NONE
OF YOUR BODY FUNCTIONS VERY WELL. YOUR BLOOD VESSELS CONSTRICT AND
YOU’RE PROBABLY NOT GETTING AS MUCH BLOOD TO YOUR BRAIN. SO ANY TIME YOU FEEL THIRSTY,
YOU’RE PROBABLY ALREADY A LITTLE BIT DEHYDRATED BECAUSE BEING
DEHYDRATED IS WHAT STIMULATES THAT FEELING OF BEING THIRSTY. SO IF YOU WANT TO STAY WELL
HYDRATED, YOU SHOULD PROBABLY DRINK ENOUGH SO THAT YOU NEVER
GET REALLY THIRSTY.>>WHY DOES MILK MAKE YOUR BONES
STRONG?>>I LOVE THAT QUESTION BECAUSE
WE ARE FINDING THAT SEVERAL PEOPLE CONSUME LESS MILK THAN
THEY USED TO AND THEY’RE DRINKING MORE SODA POP, AND WE
WOULD LIKE TO SEE THAT REVERSED. WE WOULD LIKE TO SEE PEOPLE
DRINK LESS SODA POP, MORE MILK, AND THE REASON MILK IS SO
IMPORTANT IS THAT IT HAS CALCIUM. AND OUR BONES ALSO HAVE CALCIUM. AND SO WHEN WE DRINK MILK AND WE
HAVE THAT CALCIUM IN OUR DIET, THEN OUR BONES BECOME STRONGER. IF WE DO NOT, WE COULD GET
SOMETHING CALLE OSTEOPOROSIS, WHICH MEANS OUR BONES ARE NOT AS
STRONG.>>I GO TO RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY,
AND MY QUESTION IS, HOW DO SWEETS MAKE YOU LIVE LESS?>>THE REFINED SWEETS WE HAVE
LIKE CANDY AND CAKE AND PIES, A SMALL AMOUNT OF THOSE ARE OK. BUT WHEN YOU RELY ON THOSE FOR
THE MAJOR PART OF YOUR INTAKE, THOSE DON’T CONTAIN THOSE
VITAMIN AND MINERALS THAT COLLEEN WAS TALKING B THEY’RE
MOSTLY CARBOHYDRATES AND FAT. SO YOU END UP WITH A VERY
UNBALANCED DIET. AND IT’S REALLY ABOUT WHAT YOU
DO EVERY SINGLE DAY, LITTLE BY LITTLE, THAT MAKES UP A GOOD
DIET OVER YOUR LIFETIME. SO MOST OF THE FOODS THAT YOU
EAT SHOULD COME FROM THE FOOD GROUPS, AND A VERY SMALL AMOUNT
CAN COME FROM SWEET AND DESSERTS.>>WELCOME TO BOISE STATE
UNIVERSITY’S BOISE RIVER CAFE,. WE’RE HERE FOR THE NUTRITION
CHALLENGE. OUR CONTESTANTS FOR TODAY’S
CHALLENGE ARE MORGAN, SHANE, AND BRODY. HERE’S THE CHALLENGE. EACH WILL GO INTO THE CAFETERIA
AND PICK OUT A MEAL, AT LEAST FOUR ITEMS AND A DRINK. AND THEN WE’LL SEE HOW
NUTRITIOUS A MEAL THEY PICK. READY? GO!>>JOINING ME NOW IS EXECUTIVE
CHEF PHILIPPE DIDIER. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE.>>IT’S A PLEASURE.>>OK, LET’S SEE HOW THE KIDS
DID. MORGAN IS FIRST UP. WHAT DO YOU THINK?>>I SEE A FEW GOOD THINGS IN
HERE. THE PIZZA NOT SO MUCH. THE FRUIT IS GOOD. ALTHOUGH THIS IS CANNED FRUIT,
AND CANNED FRUIT HAS EXTRA SUGAR ADDED TO IT. SO I LIKE THE APPLE. THE APPLE IS ACTUALLY, YOU WILL
GET A LOT OF SUGAR FROM THE FRUIT ITSELF RATHER THAN ADDED
SUGAR, WHICH IS NOT THAT GOOD. SO THIS PLATE I WOULD JUST KEEP
ASIDE, AND FOCUS MORE ON THE APPLE OVER HERE, AND THE
CUCUMBERS IS A VERY GOOD CHOICE. THE COLE SLAW IS ALSO GOOD, BUT
I WOULD MAYBE OMIT THE DRESSING. I KNOW THAT IT CAME WITH THE
DRESSING, BUT IF I HAD COLE SLAW, I WOULD WANT TO —
WITHOUT THE DRESSING AND THEN ADD MAYBE A LITTLE OIL, LEMON
JUICE, SALT, PEPPER, AND IT WILL BE A LITTLE MORE CRISP AND YOU
WON’T HAVE THE DRESSING THAT IS KIND OF CREAMY AND IT’S GOT THE
EXTRA ADDITIVES TO IT. THE BROWN RICE IS A VERY GOOD
IDEA. IT’S VERY NUTRITIOUS. SO I THINK —
AND IS THIS APPLE JUICE? APPLE JUICE HAS ALSO ADDED SUGAR
TO IT, SO I WOULD HIGHLY RECOMMEND THAT YOU STICK WITH
THE APPLE AND JUST A GLASS OF WATER WOULD BE PERFECT.>>LET’S SEE HOW SHANE DID.>>OK, SO THE NEXT PLATE I SEE
SOME FRENCH FRIES, I SEE A ROLL, I SEE AN APPLE AS WELL. A SALAD WITH CROUTONS AND SOME
BLACK OLIVES. IS THAT CORRECT? OK. SO THE SALAD IS A GOOD CHOICE. IT DOESN’T APPEAR THAT YOU HAVE
ANY DRESSING ON IT. WHICH IS ALSO A GOOD CHOICE,
WHICH MEANS TO ME THAT YOU WERE MAYBE THINKING OF USING OIL AND
VINEGAR, WHICH IS BRILLIANT. I THINK IT’S GREAT. THE APPLE, AGAIN, IS —
I RECOMMEND THE FRUIT. IT’S GOT THE SUGAR IN IT. AND FRENCH FRIES, YOU’RE KIND OF
BALANCING THE TWO. YOU HAVE A FEW FRENCH FRIES,
WHICH IS GOOD IF YOU HAVE A GOOD SALAD NEXT TO IT. FRENCH FRIES NOT NECESSARILY
NUTRITIOUS — OF ANY NUTRITIONAL VALUE, BUT I
THINK OVERALL YOU’RE DOING PRETTY GOOD AND YOU HAVE A GLASS
OF WATER. I LIKE THAT A LOT.>>LET’S SEE HOW BRODY DID.>>AGAIN, GOOD IDEA WITH THE
APPLE. THE APPLE WILL GIVE YOU —
I REALLY LIKE THE FACT YOU GUYS ALL CHOSE APPLES. THE BEEF IS VERY GOOD. YOUR CORN, YOU HAVE STARCH, YOU
HAVE A LITTLE MORE FRUIT IN THE CAN, THE PINEAPPLE. SO AGAIN, SAME THING, ADDED
SUGAR. THE SALAD, VERY GOOD. YOU GOT A GOOD PORTION OF SALAD. BUT YOU HAVE SOME RANCH DRESSING
ON THERE. SO THAT KIND OF KILLS THE IDEA
OF HAVING A HEALTHY SALAD A LITTLE BIT. SO KIND OF THE SAME THING RIGHT
HERE WITH THE COLE SLAW. AND THE SUGAR YOU DRINK, I WOULD
TRY TO STAY AWAY FROM SUGARY — ADDED SUGAR.>>CRANBERRY JUICE? IT’S A LITTLE BIT —
>>A LITTLE BIT BETTER, BUT STILL.>>CHEF, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I APPRECIATE THE ADVICE. THANK YOU GUYS FOR
PARTICIPATING. LET’S GO BACK TO YOUR QUESTIONS. EYE WROIS LIKE TO KNOW, HOW DOES
NUTRITION AFFECT YOUR SLEEP?>>NUTRITION MAY DIRECTLY AFFECT
YOUR SLEEP IF YOU’RE JUST HUNGRY. IF YOU’RE NOT EATING ENOUGH FOOD
OR TRYING TO RESTRICT YOUR FOOD INTAKE AND YOU’RE TOO HUNGRY TO
FALL ASLEEP. BUT NUTRITION AND SLEEP KIND OF
GO HAND IN HAND ALONG WITH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS PART AFTER
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE. SO A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE INCLUDES
EATING WELL, AND GETTING ENOUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. IF YOU GET ENOUGH PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY IT’S EASIER TO GET A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP. IF YOU’RE NOT GETTING ENOUGH
SLEEP, SOMETIMES THAT CAN MAKE YOU NOT PAY ATTENTION TO YOUR
APPETITE AS WELL. PEOPLE WHO DON’T GET ENOUGH
SLEEP, SOMETIMES GAIN WEIGHT BECAUSE THEY ARE TIRED AND THEY
EAT MORE TO MAKE UP FOR IT. SO GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP IS ONE
OF THE BASIC GOOD HEALTH HABITS.>>MY NAME IS ANTHONY. I GO TO RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY. ARE ALL FRUITS HEALTHY FOR YOU?>>YES. I WOULD SAY ALL FRUITS ARE
HEALTHY FOR YOU. AND PROBABLY THE BIGGER THE
VARIETY OF FRUITS THAT YOU CAN EAT, THE BETTER IT IS FOR YOU,
BECAUSE NO ONE FOOD CONTAINTS ALL THE NUTRIENTS YOU NEED. SO THE MORE VARIETY THAT YOU EAT
IN ALL OF THE FOOD GROUPS AND BETWEEN THE FOOD GROUPS, THE
BETTER CHANCE YOU HAVE OF GETTING ALL OF THE NUTRIENTS
THAT YOU NEED.>>ANOTHER PART ON THE VARIETY
OF VEGETABLES IS THE EATING OF THE RAINB. SO IF YOU LOOK AT THE FOOD AND
SAY YOU GO INTO THE PRODUCE AREA AND YOU LOOK AT ALL THE
DIFFERENT COLORS AND HOW BEAUTIFUL THEY ARE, YOU’RE GOING
TO WANT TO HAVE A VARIETY OF THE DIFFERENT COLORS BECAUSE
DIFFERENT COLORS VEGETABLES AND FRUITS WILL GIVE YOU DIFFERENT
NUTRIENTS.>>WHY IS DAIRY THE LOWEST ON
THE NUTRITION PLATE?>>OK, I’M GUESSING THAT THE
REASON THAT THIS QUESTION IS BEING ASKED IS THAT IF YOU LOOK
AT THE CHOOSE MY PLATE, THE MILK PICTURE IS ON THE UPPER
RIGHT-HAND CORNER, WHICH DOES LOOK LIKE IT’S NOT ON THE TRAY. AND ALSO WHEN PEOPLE TALK ABOUT
HAVING VARIETY OF FOODS, SOMETIMES THE MILK IS THE LAST
THING THAT IS MENTIONED. HOWEVER, IT DOES NOT MEAN THAT
IT IS ANY LESS IMPORTANT THAN ALL THE OTHER FOOD GROUPS. IN FACT, IT IS SO IMPORTANT THAT
WE REALLY WOULD CONSIDER JUST AS IMPORTANT AS THE OTHER FOOD
GROUPS. SO AGAIN, MILK HAS THE CALCIUM,
IT’S GOING TO MAKE YOUR BONES STRONG, AND SO IT REALLY IS JUST
IMPORTANT AS ALL THE OTHER FOOD GROUPS.>>HI, MY NAME IS EMMA, I GO TO
RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. AND MY QUESTION IS, HOW SICK CAN
I GET IF I EAT ROTTEN FRUIT?>>IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT THE FOOD
IS THAT YOU’RE EATING. YOU NEVER WANT TO EAT FOOD THAT
IS ROTTEN. THAT WAS MAYBE HELD OUT OF
TEMPERATURE, SOMETHING OF THAT NATURE, AND SO IT DEPENDS UPON
THE SEVERITY OF THE FOOD YOU’RE CONSUMING. BUT WOULD CERTAINLY RECOMMEND
THAT YOU NEVER DO CONSUME THAT, AND ALWAYS LOOK AT THE
TEMPERATURE YOU’RE EATING, HAS IT BEEN HANDLED CORRECTLY. WHO ACTUALLY PRODUCED THE FOOD,
MADE IT, DID THEY WASH THEIR HANDS BEFORE THEY PUT THE
PRODUCT TOGETHER. SO WOULD REALLY JUST STEER YOU
AWAY FROM EVER EATING SOMETHING YOU THINK WOULD MAKE YOU SICK.>>JOSEIE WOULD LIKE TO KNOW, IS
SOME FOOD NOT NUTRITIOUS?>>WE SAY THAT ALL FOODS CAN FIT
IN A HEALTHY DIET. BUT THAT DOESN’T MEAN THAT ALL
FOODS ARE AS HEALTHY AS THE BASIC FOODS THAT FIT IN THE GOOD
GUIDE PYRAMID. SO IT’S OK TO HAVE SOME OF THE
FOODS THAT HAVE VERY FEW HAVE IT VITAMIN AND MINERALS SUCH AS
CANDIES AND SWEETS AND DESSERTS, BUT THEY NEED TO MAINTAIN THEIR
PLACE AS MAKING UP A VERY SMALL PART OF YOUR DIET. KEEP THEM AS A TREAT A FEW TIMES
A WEEK. THEY SHOULDN’T MAKE UP THE
MAJORITY OF YOUR DIET.>>MY NAME IS RACHEL, I’M FROM
RIVERSIDE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. HOW DO VITAMINS HELP YOU?>>VITAMINS ARE GREAT IN THE
BODY. IF YOU HAVE A HEALTHY DIET THAT
IS VERY BALANCED AND YOU’RE GOING TO BE GETTING THE VITAMINS
AND MINERALS YOU NEED. IF YOU HAVE A DIET THAT IS NOT
BALANCED AND YOU’RE ONLY EAT CAN CERTAIN FOODS, THEN YOU’RE GOING
TO HAVE AN INCREASED NEED FOR THE VITAMINS AND MINERALS AND
PERHAPS WOULD NEED TO TAKE A VITAMIN OR MINERAL OFF TO THE
SIDE. THAT IS SOMETHING THAT WE WOULD
NOT RECOMMEND. VITAMIN AND MINERALS ARE
SOMETHING TO HELP YOU GO THROUGH THE METABOLISM OF YOUR BODY, IT
HELPS THE MACRO NUTRIENTS DIGEST AND GO THROUGH YOUR BODY TO MAKE
YOU A HEALTHIER PERSON. IF YOU HAVE A BALANCED DIET, YOU
WILL BE GETTING THE VITAMINS AND MINERALS YOU NEED.>>WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO STUDY
NUTRITION IN SCHOOL?>>WELL, I HAD A HARD TIME
DECIDING, REALLY, WHAT I WANTED TO STUDY WHEN I WENT TO COLLEGE. MY UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE IS IN
RESTAURANT MANAGEMENT, AND GOURMET FOODS. AND SO IT WASN’T UNTIL I
FINISHED THAT DEGREE THAT I DECIDED TO GO BACK TO SCHOOL AND
BECOME A REGISTERED DIETICIAN. IT’S BEEN SOMETHING I’VE BEEN
VERY PROUD OF. I LOVE IT. IT’S PROBABLY ONE OF THE THINGS
I’M THE MOST PROUD OF. AND I JUST LOVE TO LEARN ABOUT
THE BODY, HOW IT METABOLIZES. IT TRULY IS A SCIENCE. AND MOST PEOPLE ARE SURPRISED AT
HOW MUCH EDUCATION AND HOW MUCH KNOWLEDGE DIETICIANS HAVE AS FAR
AS HOW THE BODY GOES AND THE SIGH ATHENS GOES BEHIND IT. SO I JUST, YOU KNOW, THAT WHOLE
THING IS VERY INTRIGUING TO ME.>>IF SOMEBODY WANTS TO BECOME A
DIETICIAN, WHAT DO THEY HAVE TO STUDY?>>TO BECOME A REGISTERED
DIETICIAN, YOU NEED TO GET AN UNDERGRADUATE DAG IN FOOD AND
NUTRITION OR DIE A DIETETICS FROM A UNIVERSITY WITH AN ACCREDITING
PROGRAM. OUR ACCREDITING ORGANIZATION IS
THROUGHOUT ACADEMY OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS. SO YOU GET THAT UNDERGRADUATE
DEGREE, AND THEN YOU NEED SOME KIND OF WORK EXPERIENCE. SO MOST COMMONLY PEOPLE DO AN
INTERNSHIP, A DIETETIC INTERNSHIP. THAT IS USUALLY ABOUT NINE
MONTHS. SOMETIMES THOSE INTERNSHIPS ARE
CONNECTED TO MASTERS PROGRAMS, AND SOMETIMES THEY’RE NOT. THERE’S ALSO ANOTHER PATHWAY
CALLED A COORDINATED PROGRAM WHERE THEY GET THE WORK
EXPERIENCE AS PART OF THEIR UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE. BUT ONCE YOU HAVE THE
UNDERGRADUATE CLASSES AND YOU HAVE THE WORK EXPERIENCE WHERE
YOU ACTUALLY GO OUT AND WORK IN FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT IN
CLINICAL NUTRITION LIKE IN HOSPITALS AND COMMUNITY
NUTRITIONS SUCH AS THE HEALTH OF THE —
OR OUTPATIENT COUNSELING YOU’RE ELIGIBLE TO SIT FOR THE
REGISTRATION EXAM. THAT’S WHAT ALLOWS YOU TO BECOME
A REGISTERED DIETICIAN.>>I’M SORRY WE’VE RUN OUT OF
TOWN. MY THANKS TO EXPRIEWTH COLLEEN
FOR BEING HERE. YOU’RE GOING TO LEARN A LOT MORE
ON THE “D4K” WEBSITE, WE’LL ANSWER MORE QUESTIONS ABOUT
NUTRITION ON THE “D4K” WEB-ONLY. AND IF YOU WANT TO SUMMIT A
QUESTION, IT’S EASY. THEN YOU AND YOUR CLASS CAN WIN
PRIZES. YOU THAN SEND IT AS AN EMAIL OR
VIDEO QUESTION. RECORD IT ON YOUR WEBCAM OR CELL
PHONE AND IF YOU’RE AN EDUCATOR, WE’LL LEN YOU A CAMERA. LAST MONTH’S PRIZE WINNER WAS
MARK FROM MRS. WOODALL’S CLASS AT DALTON GARDEN ELEMENTARY. TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT NUTRITION
AND HOW TO SEND YOUR QUESTION AND HOW TO WIN, GO TO THE “D4K”
WEBSITE. EACH WEEK CHECK OUT MY SCIENCE
BLOG FOR THE LATEST SCIENCE NEWS FOR KIDS. YOU’LL FIND IT ALL AT
IDAHOPTV.ORG/D4K. THANKS FOR JOINING US. WE’LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME ON
“D4K.” THE PLACE FOR SCIENCE. Captioning Performed By
LNS Captioning
www.LNScaptioning.com>>IF YOU WANT TO LEARN MORE
ABOUT THIS TOPIC OR WATCH VIDEOS, CHECK OUT THE “D4K”

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